By Paul Arblaster
Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg are 3 quite small international locations whose contribution to Europe's fiscal, religious and creative history has been substantial. Their histories can't be written in isolation from each other, or from their neighbours.
In the 1st complete ancient survey of the Benelux sector to be written in English, Paul Arblaster describes the full sweep of the background of the Low nations, from Roman frontier provinces via to the institution of the 3 constitutional monarchies of the current day. during this revised and up to date re-creation, Arblaster:
? comprises the newest scholarship and up to date occasions, bringing the tale correct as much as today
? offers clean assurance of immigration, multiculturalism, and the resurgence of nationalism within the Low Countries
? bargains a quick dialogue of the increase of secularism in Western Europe and the way this has affected the Benelux region
? outlines the nations' contemporary financial successes and failures
? contains a new checklist of political events and governments for the reason that 1918
A historical past of the Low Countries is perfect for these looking a concise and readable advent to the historical past of a sector which, for hundreds of years, has been on the crossroads of Western Europe.
Read or Download A History of the Low Countries (Palgrave Essential Histories) PDF
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Extra info for A History of the Low Countries (Palgrave Essential Histories)
The Frisians remained allies of Rome, perhaps fearing the tribes to their east more than they did the Romans. Over the course of the next 40 years there were six more Roman invasions through Frisia, none of which led to any permanent success beyond the Rhine. The provincia Belgica was to remain a frontier province, with a heavy military presence, until the fall of the Roman Empire. The Frisians were very much the junior partner in their alliance with the Romans. They were not ruled or taxed by Rome, but they did have to pay tribute and a garrison was installed to collect it.
At Wijster, in Drenthe, there was a sizeable village which by the fourth century was selling its surplus produce to the Rhine forts 60 miles to the south. The main problem with the earliest history of the Low Countries is that it was written by metropolitan Romans, who were only interested when incursions, revolts or provincial reorganization brought the area to their attention. The gradual spread of Roman ways has to be inferred from settlement patterns, inscriptions and other material remains.
This was also a period when many of the unfortified townships of the northern provinces were given walls, and hill forts came back into use as temporary refuges from plunderers. The Gallic Empire outlived Postumus by only five years. In 274 one of his successors, Tetricus, was defeated and deposed by the ‘Roman’ emperor Aurelian. Almost immediately another Frankish invasion, more destructive than the first, swept over the Gaulish provinces. It was beyond a doubt that the effective organization of the frontier defences required a supreme commander on the spot.