By Rita J. Simon
Abortion is without doubt one of the such a lot compelling public coverage concerns dealing with executive and the general public within the usa at the present time. so much societies have enacted legislation and statutes concerning abortion, and such a lot societies have robust emotions relating to contraception and abortion. however the criminal statutes and attitudes persist with markedly various ways. Simon examines how this factor is being confronted within the usa, Canada, a pattern of Western and jap eu international locations, heart japanese, African, and Latin American societies, and, between Asian international locations, Japan, China, and India, besides Australia.
After a short historic creation, Simon examines the felony statutes touching on abortion within the chosen nations after which reports public attitudes towards abortion in keeping with responses to nationwide public opinion polls. She concludes by means of discussing the relationships among the legislation and statutes concerning abortion and the countries' regulations vis-^D`a-vis inhabitants progress and regulate. Abortion is the 1st quantity in a sequence that would learn significant public coverage concerns utilizing an explicitly comparative process. every one will function a instruction manual for college kids, researchers, and students, containing simple empirical info and finished references at the social factor or perform less than examination.
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Extra resources for Abortion. Statutes, Policies, and Public Attitudes the World Over
Persons performing an illegal abortion may be imprisoned for up to thirteen years and women who induce their own abortion may be imprisoned for up to seven years. Although official abortion statistics are not available, data obtained from hospitals in 1988 and 1989 showed that over half of all gynecological admissions were due to abortions. , intercourse when she is under 16 years of age), or if the fetus is impaired. Two physicians, one of whom may be the one performing the abortion, must certify in writing t h a t the need for an abortion meet any of the criteria described above.
The consent of the woman as well as t h a t of her spouse, if she is married, is required. Abortion may be performed within the first twenty-eight weeks of pregnancy. 4 in 1989. Philippines Unlike most of the non-Muslim countries of Asia, including the four cited above, abortion is illegal on any grounds in the Philippines. Its policies match closely those of Ireland. Its 1975 Child and Youth Welfare Code stipulated that a child has the dignity and worth of a h u m a n being from the moment of conception and has the right to be born well.
Punishment for the person who performs an illegal abortion is imprisonment for twelve to thirty months, for the woman it is six months to two years. 6 percent of all maternal deaths. CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN The criteria for abortion in the Caribbean and Central American countries show somewhat greater variation than the very strict ones operating in Latin America. Mexico The Mexican Criminal Code of J a n u a r y 1931, which applies in the Federal District and throughout Mexico to all offenses t h a t fall within the jurisdiction of the federal courts, declared abortion to be generally illegal except when it is performed to • Statutes in Selected Countries • 31 save the life of the mother or if the mother was the victim of rape or incest.