Download Abstraction in artificial intelligence and complex systems by Lorenza Saitta, Jean-Daniel Zucker (auth.) PDF

By Lorenza Saitta, Jean-Daniel Zucker (auth.)

Abstraction is a primary mechanism underlying either human and synthetic conception, illustration of data, reasoning and studying. This mechanism performs a vital function in lots of disciplines, significantly desktop Programming, common and synthetic imaginative and prescient, complicated platforms, synthetic Intelligence and laptop studying, artwork, and Cognitive Sciences. This e-book first presents the reader with an summary of the notions of abstraction proposed in quite a few disciplines through evaluating either commonalities and alterations. After discussing the characterizing houses of abstraction, a proper version, the KRA version, is gifted to catch them. This version makes the suggestion of abstraction simply appropriate via the advent of a collection of abstraction operators and abstraction styles, reusable throughout diverse domain names and purposes. it's the effect of abstraction in synthetic Intelligence, complicated platforms and computer studying which creates the middle of the ebook. A normal framework, according to the KRA version, is gifted, and its pragmatic strength is illustrated with 3 case reviews: Model-based prognosis, Cartographic Generalization, and studying Hierarchical Hidden Markov Models.

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By Lorenza Saitta, Jean-Daniel Zucker (auth.)

Abstraction is a primary mechanism underlying either human and synthetic conception, illustration of data, reasoning and studying. This mechanism performs a vital function in lots of disciplines, significantly desktop Programming, common and synthetic imaginative and prescient, complicated platforms, synthetic Intelligence and laptop studying, artwork, and Cognitive Sciences. This e-book first presents the reader with an summary of the notions of abstraction proposed in quite a few disciplines through evaluating either commonalities and alterations. After discussing the characterizing houses of abstraction, a proper version, the KRA version, is gifted to catch them. This version makes the suggestion of abstraction simply appropriate via the advent of a collection of abstraction operators and abstraction styles, reusable throughout diverse domain names and purposes. it's the effect of abstraction in synthetic Intelligence, complicated platforms and computer studying which creates the middle of the ebook. A normal framework, according to the KRA version, is gifted, and its pragmatic strength is illustrated with 3 case reviews: Model-based prognosis, Cartographic Generalization, and studying Hierarchical Hidden Markov Models.

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A scientific approach to abstract art was proposed by Kandinsky [279], who defined some primitives (points, lines, surfaces) of a work of art, and associated to them an emotional content. In this way it was possible to define a syntax and a language for art, which were free from any figurative meaning. ), and the proposed language found difficulties in being applied. Kandinsky, with Malevich, is considered a father of the abstract pictorial art. An examples of Malevich’ work is reported in Fig.

Barsalou identifies an abstraction as an attractor for a statistical combination of properties; here the abstraction is represented by the active units that characterize the attractor. The connectionist view of abstraction suffers from the problem of concept complexity, as neural nets have difficulties in representing structured scenarios. 6 Cognition 33 Abstraction as a representation of a category is contrasted by Barsalou with the exemplar representation. In this context, abstraction is intended as a synthesis of common properties associated to a category, as opposed to the memorization of a set of concrete exemplars of the category itself.

Magritte’s painting is an “image” of a pipe, not the “real thing” and program watermarking. In their paper the authors describe the foundations of abstracting program’s fixpoint semantics, and present a state of the art on the subject. 5 Art (Mostly Peinture) Whatever “art” might be, according to Gortais [219] “as a symbolic device, art, whether figurative or not, is an abstraction”. This statement is well illustrated by Magritte’s picture of a pipe (see Fig. 2), where the sentence “Ceci n’est pas une pipe”10 refers to the fact that the painting “represents” a pipe but it is not the “real thing”.

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