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By James G. Speight

There's just one substance recognized to mankind which can reason wars, impact worldwide economies, and make international locations wealthy: petroleum. yet how a lot does the common individual, even the common engineer, find out about it? This ebook describes the petroleum in easy-to-understand language for either the layperson and engineer alike. From the economics of looking for oil and fuel, getting it out of the floor, into pipelines, into refineries, and, ultimately, into your gasoline tank, this e-book covers the petroleum like no different remedy sooner than.

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By James G. Speight

There's just one substance recognized to mankind which can reason wars, impact worldwide economies, and make international locations wealthy: petroleum. yet how a lot does the common individual, even the common engineer, find out about it? This ebook describes the petroleum in easy-to-understand language for either the layperson and engineer alike. From the economics of looking for oil and fuel, getting it out of the floor, into pipelines, into refineries, and, ultimately, into your gasoline tank, this e-book covers the petroleum like no different remedy sooner than.

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Additional resources for An Introduction to Petroleum Technology, Economics, and Politics

Example text

A particular mechanism for alteration may be the prime operative, or all may contribute to determining the ultimate character of the petroleum. The determining factor is site specificity. 3 Reservoir Classification Briefly, a reservoir is a porous and permeable underground formation containing an individual and separate natural accumulation of producible hydrocarbons (oil and /or gas), which is confined by impermeable rock or water barriers and is characterized by a single natural pressure system (Chapter 2).

96(40): 43. J. 2000. Oil & Gas Journal. March 13. C. 1936. Dictionary of Assyrian Chemistry and Geology, Clarendon Press, Oxford, England. , and Lu, S-T. 2006. Sourcing Archeological Bitumen in the Olmec Region. Journal of Archeological Science, 33(1): 89-97. , and Cyphers, A. 2008. How the Olmec used Bitumen in Ancient Mesoamerica. Journal of Anthropological Archeology, 27(2): 172-191. F. 1998. Hydrocarbon Processing. 77(9): 133. Characterization of Oil Sands Resources. Alberta Oil Sands Technology and Research Authority, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

In fact, the term petroleum covers a wide assortment of materials consisting of mixtures of hydrocarbons and other compounds containing variable amounts of sulfur, nitrogen, and oxygen, which may vary widely in volatility, specific gravity, and viscosity. Metal-containing constituents, notably those compounds that contain vanadium and nickel, usually occur in the more viscous crude oils in amounts up to several thousand parts per million, and can have serious consequences during processing of these feedstocks (Speight, 2007).

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