By William Lyons
Techniques to Intentionality is an authoritative and available account of an issue crucial to modern philosophy of brain. Lyons first provides a serious survey of the present debate in regards to the nature of intentionality, then strikes directly to supply an unique new idea. The ebook is written all through in a transparent, direct, and full of life sort.
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Additional resources for Approaches to Intentionality
The state Spinoza calls ‘pleasure’ (titillatio) he also describes as a joy which relates to mind and body at once. What distinguishes hilaritas from mere ‘pleasure’ is the crucial idea of the body operating as a whole, as a union of subsidiary forces. The state Spinoza calls ‘pleasure’ is ascribed to a person when one part of the body is affected more than the rest, whereas hilaritas is ascribed when all are equally affected. The idea of a body in which all parts are equally affected may seem odd.
11 Second, Aristotelianism lacked a satisfactory account of the way in which powers interact. How, for example, do the memories lodged in one part of the soul change the judgements and volitions occurring in another? 12 These problems could be resolved, so it was argued, by a conception of the mind which did not posit distinct parts or powers, but this requirement could in turn be satisfied in various diverse ways. Descartes and Locke both claim to meet it when they classify memories, volitions, sensory perceptions and so on as thoughts which are conscious and mutually transparent to one another.
According to the view held by Hobbes, desire is a generic term for a group of passions which can all function as the immediate antecedents of action. So when we talk about desire in this context, we are using a general term which can be filled out in various ways. According to the other view, most clearly articulated by Locke, desire is a specific passion which alone moves the will and causes us to act. To say that someone acts out of love, for example, is a simplification, and in order to be more precise we need to specify that love is mixed with desire, and that it is because desire is present that the action occurs.